The Perfect Shot - Photography for Beginners

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“Photography is the only language that can be understood any where in the world.”          

                                                                                                                            - Bruno Barbey

One of the most underestimated careers, not many people understand and realise that the amount of hard work, creativity and perseverance that is required for perfecting photography as an art. Today as cameras go digital, the terms “taking a photograph” and “photography” merge into one another, so much so that any person owning a camera is calling himself a photographer.

However, once it’s been taken seriously, this creative art is one with no boundaries. Photography requires you to think on your feet, a skill best developed by people who have given their all to this field. If you’re an aspiring photographer, read along to find out some tips of the trade. (We guarantee they’ll work; a professional photographer had been consulted for this blog!)

Best for beginners

1. Camera bodies: Nikon D3200, Nikon D5200, Nikon D5300, Canon 1100D. Find them here.

2. Camera lenses: 18-55mm (Nikon and Canon), Canon 55-200, 70-300 (Canon IS, Nikon VR and Tamron VC). Lenses without the Vibration Reduction/ Image Stabilisation/ Vibration Compensation feature are not preferred. Find them here.

Understanding the basics of a camera

1. Aperture: The aperture determines the amount of focused light passing through the lens. At a small f-stop, say f/2, a tremendous amount of light passes through, even at a fraction of a second. The amount of light entering the lens gradually reduces as you increase the f-stop. In that case, only a tiny amount of light is allowed to enter at a high f-stop like f/22.

2. Shutter speed: This controls how long the light enters the lens and hits the image sensor or the film plane. If the shutter speed is faster than the object or background, then the image will be tack sharp. If the shutter speed is slower, then you’ll get blurred objects.

3. ISO: ISO stands for International Standards Organization and ISO rating, which ranges in value from 25 to 3200 (or beyond), indicates the specific light sensitivity. The lower the ISO rating, the less sensitive the image sensor is and therefore the smoother the image, because there is less digital noise in the image. The higher the ISO rating, the stronger the image sensor has to work to establish an effective image, which thereby produces more digital noise. So what is digital noise? It is any light signal that does not originate from the subject, and therefore creates random color in an image.

4. Exposure: This is the amount of light per unit area reaching a photographic film or an image sensor and is determined by both the shutter speed and lens aperture working together. A photograph may be described as overexposed when important bright parts of an image are "washed out”, whereas an underexposed photograph is one where important dark areas are "muddy" or indistinguishable from black.

5. Auto bracketing : Auto Bracketing is an exposure technique whereby you can ensure that you have the optimal exposure by taking at least 3 exposures of the exact same composition with one at the metered EV, one at 1/3 of a stop below the metered EV and one at 1/3 of a stop above the metered EV.

Different manual modes of your camera

M: Manual mode - Change both shutter speed and aperture.

S: Shutter speed priority mode - Fix on a shutter speed and the camera will automatically adjust the aperture.

A: Aperture priority mode -Fix on a aperture and the camera will automatically adjust the shutter speed.

Got it? Now get snapping and become the awesome photographer that you were destined to be! Head to the Cameras & Photography section on



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